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More and more people need medical help due to mental illness
More and more people need medical help due to psychological problems, for example one in five suffers from depression in the course of their life. In most cases, this is a serious mental illness where early diagnosis and therapy are important. However, despite increasing numbers, those affected are apparently not being adequately treated in this country, especially in rural areas in the east and in Bavaria, according to a new study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, the therapeutic offer is anything but sufficient.
One in five suffers from depression in the course of their life People who are suffering from depression usually need expert and comprehensive help quickly, because in most cases sufferers find lack of drive and hopelessness, a feeling of inner emptiness and deep sadness no longer out alone. According to the Bertelsmann Stiftung, around nine million people currently suffering from depression in need of treatment can be expected, at least 15 percent of them in severe form. For Prof. Martin Härter, the author of the study and director at the institute of the polyclinic for medical psychology at the University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf, a terrifying result: “The results are alarming. If depression is not properly treated, it can become chronic. The risk of suicide from severe depression is even more serious. "
56 percent of severely depressed people receive insufficient treatment Despite increasing numbers of people in need of treatment, the therapeutic offer in Germany does not seem to be enough. According to the current "Health Facts Check" by the Bertelsmann Stiftung, 56 percent of the severely depressed were treated inadequately - which in this case means that they would be treated with either antidepressants or psychotherapy, but not with a far more effective combination of both measures.
Chance of adequate treatment depending on the place of residence According to the results, only 26 percent of those affected would receive it, while another 18 percent of the severely depressed would receive no therapeutic help at all. According to the study, the chances of adequate treatment depend to a not inconsiderable extent on the place of residence, since there are large regional differences in the range of psychotherapists and psychiatric and psychosomatic specialists available. Here, North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse stand out because 30% and 29% of the people affected are adequately cared for; the situation is different in the rear-end countries Saxony-Anhalt (22%), Thuringia (20%) and the Saarland (20% ) out. According to the foundation, the supply is poor, especially in rural areas. Here, for example, in the Mansfeld-Südharz district (Saxony-Anhalt) there would be only nine psychotherapists or specialists for every 100,000 inhabitants. In the city-states of Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg, on the other hand, the density of therapists is four times higher than in the eastern German states.
Issue needs to be further tabooed Given the increasing numbers of people affected and the current lack of care, society would face major challenges if it wanted to strengthen the "mental health of people", said Teresa Enke, wife of national goalkeeper Robert Enke, who had been suffering from depression for years suffered and committed suicide in 2009. "My wish is that we all develop a certain normalcy for those affected, since nobody needs to be ashamed of a mental illness. The topic must be further tabooed. ”(No)
Image: Gerd Altmann, Pixelio.de