Rear-facing child seats have more protection

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“Reboarder” is often the safer option for children

Those who want to transport their child in the car as safely as possible should better use a rear-facing child seat from an expert's perspective. Such a “reboarder” would generally offer more safety than a forward-facing seat, because “in the event of an accident, the child is pushed into the seat and the forces are better distributed,” says Andreas Ratzek from ADAC to the news agency “dpa” . However, caution should also be exercised with these seats, because due to the sometimes difficult installation, the risk of an insufficiently fastened seat is particularly high.

Reboard will transmit the load over the entire back of the child If you want to transport your toddler in the car, you are spoiled for choice: While babies up to a weight of 9 kg ride in the rear-facing “Maxi-Cosi”, the decision must be made by older children be made whether these should still be secured facing backwards (reboard) or looking forward. From an expert's point of view, the reboarder is preferable because children are generally better protected in them, Sven Rademacher from the German Road Safety Council (DVR) told the "dpa". In the event of a frontal crash in particular, such a seat would therefore offer advantages over seats in which children look in the direction of travel, since the load is transmitted over the entire back of the child instead of overstretching the spine.

Systems available for children up to three years of age The reboards are mostly seats up to a body weight of 13 kg, but there are also models that are designed for children up to around 3 years of age. From an expert's point of view, the time to switch to a forward-facing seat should not be determined by a certain age, but dependent on several factors. For example, it is time for a "change of direction" when the child in the reboarder pushes his legs against the back seat or when he gets sick in this sitting position. In general, a reboarder should definitely be tried before buying, because as ADAC tester Ratzek explains, space problems would often occur, especially in the small car. Compared to the forward-facing child seats, the safety plus costs a lot more when looking back: According to Ratzek, between 300 and 500 euros would have to be budgeted for models such as "Cybex Sirona", "Britax Fixway" or "Maxi Cosi Milofix" , whereas a forward-facing child seat is already available for less than 100 euros.

In the event of a side impact, there is no difference to the forward-facing seat. While children are obviously safer in a frontal crash in the reboarder, according to Andreas Ratzek, the situation would be different in the event of a side impact, because the rear-facing child seats would not offer an advantage here, the expert said. Such a seat could even be disadvantageous in the event of a “90-degree impact”, since the child is further away from the anchoring point due to the sitting position, which is usually between the backrest and the seat. According to Ratzek, crash tests have shown that the relatively long fortifications broke in some cases. In addition to this, systems with a body weight of more than 13 kg are often required to be more complicated to install, which can quickly result in a seat not being properly secured, which can pose a real danger to the child.

Isofix reduces the risk of incorrect installation To minimize the risk of incorrect installation, experts have been recommending the use of "Isofix" for years, which means a relatively easy-to-use fastening system for child seats, in which a firm connection between the body and child seat is achieved. However, since there are also clear quality differences with these systems and, moreover, not every Isofix child seat can be used in every vehicle, the ADAC should also be thoroughly informed before buying. In addition to safety, according to the automobile club, the “pollutants” aspect should not be neglected - even if manufacturers would generally pay attention to ever lower loads. In the course of a child seat test last year, the testers devalued 2 child seats ("Concord", "Cybex") to "satisfactory" due to increased values ​​and classified the "Römer Max-Fix" as "deficient". (No)

Image: GTÜ /

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Video: The difference in front and rear-facing car seat impact

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