Study: ADHD also in young men

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Young men also suffer from attention disorders

A new study shows that young men with depression, impaired social behavior, or excessive alcohol consumption often suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). According to this, this disorder is almost as common in adults as in children and adolescents.

ADHD in adults almost as common as in children A new study showed that young men with depression, impaired social behavior or excessive alcohol consumption often suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). According to this, four out of 100 men in Switzerland are affected. According to the study by the University of Zurich and the Universities of Zurich and Lausanne, ADHD is almost as common in adults as in children and adolescents. Around six percent of children and adolescents in Switzerland suffer from this disorder.

Little researched in adults ADHD, colloquially also known as fidget philippine syndrome, leads to reduced attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Since experts have long assumed that the disorder only affects children and adolescents, little has been researched into the disease in adults. The team led by Natalia Estévez from the Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine at the University of Zurich has now made an important contribution to this research. In a representative study, they asked 5,656 young men with a special questionnaire about their ADHD symptoms.

Parents' low level of education is a risk factor It was found that a considerable number of men suffering from ADHD also had mental disorders such as severe depression, disturbed social behavior and alcohol abuse or addiction. The researchers write in the journal "PLOS ONE": "Our results shed light on the considerable psychological impairments that young men with ADHD can suffer from." Family history also plays a role. This would favor the occurrence of ADHD if the parents had already suffered from alcohol or psychological problems. A low level of education among parents is also a risk factor. As the scientists suspect, the parents of those affected may have already suffered from ADHD, because this disorder is a common cause of school problems.

ADHD more common among French-speaking men The evaluation of the questionnaires also showed that men over 20 years of age reported ADHD symptoms more often than younger people. According to the researchers, an explanation could be that the older people are more likely to perceive them, since they are causing increasing difficulties in everyday life. It was also shown that ADHD was also more common among French-speaking men, which indicates a cultural indication.

ADHD in adults a serious illness As the Freiburg psychiatrist Christophe Kaufmann wrote some time ago in the "Schweizer Ärztezeitung", ADHD only heals completely in a small part of those affected before adulthood. Untreated ADHD patients often have massive problems in everyday work, relationships and they often live dangerous and unhealthy. "ADHD in adults is a serious illness," said the expert.

Boys more often than girls In Germany, around half a million children and adolescents suffer from ADHD. The number of diagnoses has increased steadily in recent years, and estimates assume that around two to six percent of children and adolescents nationwide could be affected. The mental disorder is about three to four times more common in boys than in girls. Last year, Techniker Krankenkasse (TK) reported that the number of young adults treated for ADHD with medication had increased significantly. Their number increased by twelve percent between 2011 and 2012. (sb)

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