Hay fever: The first pollen is already on the way



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Pollen is flying earlier than usual this year

People often think of the warmer seasons when they are allergic to pollen and hay fever. However, due to the mild winter, the first pollen is on the way earlier than usual. Allergy sufferers are currently particularly troubled by hazel and alder.

Hazel and alder pollen particularly early on the road The mild winter has its bad side for people suffering from hay fever. The first pollen is already flying because of the warmer weather. As the European Foundation for Allergy Research (ECARF) reports, hazel and alder pollen in particular are on the go this year. These pollen are also particularly strong because the shrubs produced less last year. "I assume that the phase of the strong pollen count has shifted," said Karl-Christian Bergmann, head of the German Pollen Information Service Foundation.

Pollen count this year more violent than ever, the Swabian district chairman of the Bavarian Family Association, Jakob Berger fears. He thinks that the pollen count this year could be as violent as never before. The chief physician of the Clinic for Dermatology and Allergology at the Augsburg Clinic, Julia Welzel, explained according to the "Augsburger Allgemeine": "We have similar weather conditions as usual in spring. It may be that there is still a lot to come. The inflorescences were hardly frozen this year. ”The weather service MeteoSwiss had already determined in January that the pollen was on the road two weeks earlier than on average. “The beginning of flowering is clearly related to the mild weather,” says Regula Gehrig, biometeorologist at MeteoSwiss.

Pollution is becoming more aggressive due to environmental pollution Especially the pollen count of hazel and alder, which is already in high season, is a problem for allergy sufferers. "The pollen now triggers violent reactions in allergy sufferers," says Welzel. However, the exposure to the different pollen is very different. For example, hazel pollen often causes allergies, others, such as rapeseed, rarely sensitize. According to Wenzel, this is also due to the pollen size and the distribution over wind. "The pollen becomes more aggressive due to pollution, i.e. fine dust, and the airways and mucous membranes become more sensitive," said the doctor.

Allergic asthma as a result of an untreated pollen allergy One possible consequence of an untreated pollen allergy is allergic asthma. Affected people should learn to deal with their allergy as early as possible. In addition to everyday measures, such as the possible avoidance of stays in the forest or park during the main stress period, hyposensitization is advisable for many. This can be done by an allergist. As part of a three-year therapy, the patient is given the smallest amounts of the allergen to slowly get the immune system used to the substance. The dose of the allergen is continuously increased in small steps.

Medicines and naturopathy Treating pollen allergy with medication aims to alleviate the symptoms. Antihistamines work against all forms of allergic rhinitis, but do not lead to permanent improvement. In addition, undesirable side effects are often associated with it. Cortisone is usually only prescribed for severe allergies, which is usually used as a spray. Naturopathic treatments for a pollen allergy are aimed at converting the overreactions of the immune system to a certain substance into healthy regulation and thus achieving permanent relief. Therefore, naturopathic practices such as homeopathy, autologous blood therapy, Bach flower therapy, intestinal rehabilitation, hypnosis, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) such as acupuncture and therapy with vital substances are often used successfully in naturopathic practices. (ad)

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