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Study: Fat children often suffer from metabolic disorders
According to a study, fat children often suffer from metabolic disorders at primary school age. These often remained undetected and would therefore not be treated. Girls in particular are at risk.
Girls especially affected Many fat children suffer from metabolic disorders during their primary school years, according to a new study. Despite preventive examinations, these mostly remained undetected and would therefore not be treated, says the nutritionist Prof. Dr. Ina Bergheim from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. Young girls in particular are affected because they experience metabolic problems at the borderline between normal and overweight. In boys, this is often only the case with severe overweight, the so-called obesity. This is not normal overweight, but a health disorder that can lead to a variety of diseases, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. According to the definition of the World Health Authority (WHO), obesity is from a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg / m2; in front.
Three quarters of children with metabolic disorders Nutritionists from the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena and the University of Hohenheim have now shown in a current study that three quarters of overweight children between the ages of five and eight have symptoms of weight-related metabolic disorders. The researchers examined a total of 100 overweight and 51 normal weight children, each of whom had no previous illnesses. In 16 percent of the normal-weight girls and boys, at least one noticeable value was found for blood sugar, blood fat or cholesterol, and in the overweight even 73 percent. Some children would also have shown questionable values for up to five factors. The scientists recently published the results of their work in the journal "Acta Pediatrica".
The fat, healthy child is practically non-existent. Study leader Bergheim said of the results: "These are alarming values." Especially when you consider that the children, apart from their high weight, are considered healthy. "This means that these hidden disorders are not treated either." As the scientist went on to say, her study would have shown that the "healthy fat child" practically did not exist. It is generally surprising that the consequences of being overweight already occur in children and not only in adulthood. Some of the children had already had clear signs of diabetes. "It has been shown that many of these children are not just a bit chubby, they are downright ill." The nutritionist advocated that future regular check-ups of children should also take a closer look at possible metabolic disorders, because so far this has been the case "Mainly about the physical and mental development of the children."
More exercise would help In the children examined, the cause of the overweight was less due to excessive or unhealthy eating. "A little bit more exercise would do a lot," says the nutritionist. The majority of the children would have taken only about 150 to 200 kilocalories too much, based on their physical activity. “It's just half a chocolate bar. But over time this builds up excess weight. ”According to the Federal Center for Health Education, 15 percent of all children and adolescents in Germany between the ages of 3 and 17 are overweight. (sb)
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