Insulin reactor for diabetes patients



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Cell reactors provide diabetics with insulin

In the future, it could be possible for diabetics to remedy their insulin deficiency with a new cell reactor. Dresden doctors use a can of diabetes patients with insulin-producing donor cells.

Correcting the lack of insulin Hundreds of thousands of diabetics often have to cope with their disease from early childhood. For her, this means regularly measuring blood sugar levels and injecting the hormone insulin. In the future, however, a novel cell reactor could help patients with type 1 diabetes to remedy their lack of insulin, which reduces blood sugar, as reported by the “Apotheken Umschau” (1/2014 A).

Cells protected from the immune system A patient containing insulin-producing donor cells was used by a doctor at the Dresden University Medical Center. It is particularly important that the cells in this reactor are protected from the patient's immune system. This prevents rejection.

Around 300,000 Germans with type 1 diabetes Congenital diabetes (type 1) is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas through an inflammatory reaction (insulitis). As a result, there is an increasing insulin deficiency, which leads to a lack of substrate in the cells, an increase in blood sugar levels, acidification of the blood, loss of water and nutrients, and rapid weight loss. If the person receives no treatment, a life-threatening clinical picture can develop, the ketoacidotic coma. The involvement of many factors is discussed as the cause of the disease, which are partly genetically determined by environmental factors. Around 300,000 Germans currently suffer from type 1 diabetes. (ad)

Image: Michael Horn / pixelio.de

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