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Little danger to children with ringed rubella
Ringed rubella generally does not pose a risk to children. The disease caused by the Parvovirus B19 is one of the childhood diseases, although adults can also become infected with the virus. Children usually fall ill between the ages of 6 and 15 years. Although ringed rubella occurs only rarely, "small epidemics" occur in kindergartens and schools every 3 to 5 years.
It is not uncommon for the infection to go without any visible signs of illness. The rash characteristic of this disease occurs only in a small proportion of patients. Children with ringed rubella do not actually have a major risk of serious damage to their health. However, if the body's defenses are insufficient, meningitis or myocardial inflammation can occur.
At the beginning there may be a slight fever and sore throat, which are difficult to distinguish from normal flu. Only in the further course does an arch or garland-shaped rash appear on the face. Occasionally, those affected also report itching. Pregnant women have to be particularly careful because they transmit the virus to the unborn child, with sometimes fatal consequences. A vaccine has not yet been developed. Ulrich Fegeler from the professional association of pediatricians (BVKJ) in Cologne explains that after a few days the rash that is typical for the disease forms on the cheeks. You don't have to worry, but the skin needs to be cared for about four to six weeks more than usual, because the skin tenses during the illness and is also felt warmer than usual. The rash forms around the mouth, which is partly like a butterfly. Pale red rings can be seen on the arms and legs.
A number of teething problems are associated with an itchy rash and it is difficult for parents to assess whether it is actually ringed rubella and not one of the other teething problems such as scarlet fever, measles, chickenpox. The doctor therefore recommends seeing a doctor at the first sign. The pathogen is transmitted by the so-called droplet infection when sneezing, coughing or hand, but the smear infection is also a common transmission path. The tricky thing is that the disease is contagious before there are any signs of it. Fegeler advises you to wash your hands thoroughly in order to limit the transmission as much as possible. (fr)
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