Virologists: vaccination gaps in mumps



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Virologists warn of vaccine gaps not only for measles: warning of mumps

In addition to measles, mumps are also increasing in Germany. Experts therefore recommend vaccination protection. After many Germans spoke out in favor of vaccination due to the significantly increased measles diseases, the Society for Virology (GfV) is now advising to protect against mumps. The GfV warned that the contagious virus infection among adolescents and young adults is increasing in Germany. Mumps, colloquially also known as goat peter, has been a notifiable disease since 2012.

Young people and young adults in particular are affected by vaccine gaps. Vaccination gaps would lead to repeated outbreaks, which are increasingly affecting over 16-year-olds. The complication rate also increases at this age. The Gfv advises especially those born in or after 1970 to check their vaccination protection. For those who have no or only one vaccination, a one-time vaccination is urgently advised.

Typical symptoms of a mumps disease
Mumps are usually transmitted by droplet infection. The average incubation period is 16 to 18 days. Mumps is extremely contagious if there is no vaccination protection. During many Mumps infections without any noticeable symptoms, other patients show fever, sore throat, headache and the typical swelling of the parotid gland, which can be associated with severe pain, especially when chewing. Other salivary glands including the pancreas may also be affected, which can result in severe abdominal pain (in the upper abdomen) and greasy diarrhea (fatty stool).

Combined measles-mumps vaccination You can now get a quadruple vaccine against measles and mumps in Germany. This also protects against rubella and chickenpox. Vaccinations are recommended by the Robert Koch Institute's Standing Vaccination Committee (STIKO) for various diseases and groups of people. Last year, STIKO spoke out in favor of vaccinating teachers and nurses against mumps in general. The change in vaccination recommendations was the result of a mumps outbreak at a primary school in Nuremberg in 2011, which found that some teachers had no vaccine protection against the disease. This had significantly promoted the spread of the diseases. (ad)

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