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British researchers are studying the relationship between breastfeeding and social advancement
Breastfeeding or bottle feeding? A topic that always leads to controversial discussions. For some years now, more and more women have decided to breastfeed their children - and are now receiving support from British researchers.
The topic of breastfeeding is causing controversial discussions again and again. Breastfeeding has been the subject of discussion for years: For some, breast milk is the best at all, because breastfeeding promotes a close bond between mother and child and is intended to prevent diseases. On the other hand, there are women who cannot or do not want to breastfeed for health reasons, who want to return to work quickly after birth or who want to share the feeding of the child within the partnership.
Popularity of Breastfeeding is Subject to the Zeitgeist The popularity of breastfeeding keeps changing with the zeitgeist - at the present time more and more women are choosing to breastfeed their children, with this trend being supported by various studies that artificially demonstrate the benefits of breastfeeding Show the replacement food produced. For example, an American study from 2004 found that in the United States the risk of infant mortality was significantly lower in breastfed babies than in non-breastfed babies. Further studies came to the conclusion, for example, that breast milk improves the lung function of children or that breastfed babies as a whole are far better protected against infectious diseases and, accordingly, get sick less frequently in the course of the first year of life than children who did not receive breast milk.
Positive effects also on the intelligence quotient But for a few years now, another plus point has been suspected with regard to breastfeeding: Because in addition to the health benefits, from an expert's point of view, this may also have a positive effect on the intelligence quotient - and accordingly lead to the fact that breastfed babies would be socially better off as adults than non-breastfed children.
British researchers survey more than 33,000 people
In order to investigate "the connection between breastfeeding and intergenerational social mobility and the possible mediating role of neurological and stress-related mechanisms", British scientists from "University College London" have now carried out a "secondary analysis of the data from two large-scale British cohort studies". For these long-term studies, 17,419 people born in 1958 and around 16,771 people born in 1970 were examined by collecting the health and social data of all subjects in the period from the tenth or eleventh year of life to their 33rd or 34th birthday.
Chance of social advancement in breastfed children increased by a quarter
The British researchers came to an interesting conclusion: "People who were breastfed increased the likelihood of social advancement, while the chances of social advancement were the same within the 1958 cohort and the 1970s cohort," the researchers said in the current issue of the specialist magazine "Archives of Disease in Childhood" - and continue to write: "With regard to the risk of social decline, there was also a connection with breastfeeding: breastfed members of the respective cohorts were less likely to move to lower socio-economic ones Positions. "
Accordingly, the chances of social advancement increased by a quarter among the children who had been breastfed - accordingly, the researchers can be said to have a sustainable benefit from breast milk nutrition: “Our study thus extends the knowledge about the health benefits of breastfeeding , when she shows that it can have lifelong social benefits, "the scientists continued.
The emotional well-being of former nursing children is also higher
In addition to the social benefits, the researchers were also able to show that emotional wellbeing was also greater in the group of formerly breastfed people, both at the age of ten and at the age of 33. According to the experts, the trigger for this could be the polyunsaturated fatty acids: Because these are required in the development of the brain and are found in breast milk in high concentrations - it can therefore be assumed that the milk is linked to the development of the brain and thus the intelligence and could positively influence the chances for social advancement.
Not to be neglected: The close skin contact when breastfeeding
According to the researchers, however, it is not so easy to measure the extent to which breastfeeding would affect the lifelong emotional bond between mother and child, although it can be assumed that breastfeeding will also increase this. However, direct skin contact should not be neglected here either, because according to the scientists, this is also an important factor that would have contributed to the current results.
WHO recommends six months of full breastfeeding Organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the National Breastfeeding Commission are very clear in favor of breastfeeding - however, opinions regarding breastfeeding in infants differ, because while the WHO recommends full breastfeeding for at least six months Breastfeeding and only then starting the so-called "complementary food", British researchers came to the conclusion in a study a few years ago that babies in industrialized countries should be fed other foods in addition to breast milk from the fourth month onwards.
Allergies and iron deficiency from long breastfeeding? At the time, the research team had analyzed a number of current studies on breastfeeding and came to the conclusion that babies who were breastfed longer could suffer from allergies and iron deficiency. The recommendation of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) represents a middle ground: “The introduction of complementary foods is recommended for infants after the 6th month of life, at the earliest after the 4th month of life. This recommendation also applies to allergy-prone infants (7, 9). The aim of the recommendation is to delay contact with food that may cause allergies as long as possible. ”(No)