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Fewer and fewer people die after a heart attack
German cardiologists report that infarcts in Germany are less and less fatal. However, there are sometimes enormous regional differences. If there are more patients in eastern Germany who die of a heart attack, there are fewer deaths in the rest of the country. However, heart failure is becoming a problem as a consequence.
One in four deaths from vascular diseases There are various symptoms that can indicate a heart attack: severe to severe chest pain, back pain, nausea or a pulling arm. Women who have a heart attack often have abdominal pain. Around one in four people worldwide dies from an occlusion of the blood vessels that supply the heart or from a stroke. Due to this high number, vascular diseases have achieved a very special status in the German healthcare system and have led to the fact that treatment teams are available around the clock in many cardiac catheter laboratories, which can open up a closed artery again in an emergency.
Annual Cardiologists' Congress Germany's cardiologists met in Mannheim for their annual congress. There, the German Society for Cardiology (DGK) announced some positive results on Wednesday, above all the finding that a heart attack in Germany is becoming less and less fatal. Between 2000 and 2010, deaths decreased by 15.8 percent in men and by 18.4 percent in women. The numbers refer to deaths from heart attacks per 100,000 inhabitants. There are clear regional differences in the results. In Hesse and Schleswig-Holstein there are only 57 out of 100,000 inhabitants who succumb to a heart attack, there are far more deaths in eastern Germany. The highest number is in Saxony-Anhalt with 111 per 100,000 inhabitants. However, an approximation to the western figures can be seen, according to DGK President Georg Ertl. The reasons for this are the continually improving supply and changing living habits in the East. Ertl further explained that at that time "people in the GDR used to smoke more than in the West, for example".
Often a "weak heart" after an infarction In Germany, about every third patient dies of a heart attack. According to the Federal Statistical Office, there were not quite 55,300 cases in 2011. According to Ertl, "the reduction in fatal heart attacks is due to the high quality of care in Germany and the ever better medical options". There is also hope that the improved numbers also indicate a healthier lifestyle. Overall, the total number of heart attacks has remained approximately stable recently.
Due to the positive trend of a better chance of survival, the topic of heart failure is becoming more and more important. This is a pathological inability of the heart to further promote the amount of blood required. After a heart attack, there is often a corresponding weakness of the heart. The number of patients has been increasing for years. In Germany it is about two to three percent, but the number is much higher for older people, according to the Heidelberg cardiologist Hugo Katus. Another explanation for this, however, is the aging society. (ad)
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