Poorer performance with early division


Achievements by Bavarian students suffer from early division of the students

The distribution of pupils from 5th grade onwards, which is common in Bavaria today, depending on their academic performance level, leads to a decline in overall academic performance, according to the results of a recent study by the Ifo Institute for Economic Research in Munich. In Bavaria, since the fourth grade, children have been divided into secondary school, junior high school and high school since 2000. A recent study has shown that the performance of the junior high school students as well as the secondary school pupils deteriorate due to the early division, reports the ifo Institute.

"While primary and junior high school students learned together until the end of the sixth grade before the reform, they have since been separated after the fourth grade at the end of primary school," explains Marc Piopiunik, who led the Ifo Institute's research study. In order to analyze the impact of the school reform from 2000 on the performance level of the students, the scientists used the development of the PISA data.

Achievements of pupils of both types of school decrease Numerous educational economics studies also know that "the achievement of pupils depends more on the family background, the earlier pupils are selected in different types of school", reports Marc Piopiunik in the magazine "ifo Schnelldienst". In any case, the results of the PISA studies would have revealed that school performance in Germany is “above-average influenced by family background”. This was reinforced by the decision to introduce the six-year secondary school in Bavaria and the associated division of students after the fourth grade. The division of Bavarian schoolchildren into secondary and secondary schools after the fourth grade resulted in "lowering the performance of students of both school types", according to the Ifo Institute.

Time of differentiation with an impact on cognitive performance Above all, the number of underperforming secondary school pupils increased significantly, according to the study published on Thursday by the Ifo Institute. The timing of the differentiation seems crucial for the development of cognitive skills. According to the researchers, the reason for the drop in the level of performance with an early division of the pupils could be, for example, the "lack of performance incentive in the fifth and sixth grades, in which the decision about the division of the pupils has already been made." the earlier breakdown, the likelihood that students will be assigned to an unsuitable school type. At this point, the results of the current Ifo study confirm Bavarian school policy as inadequate. (fp)

Photo credit: Birgitta Hohenester / pixelio.de

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