With small bites no overweight by eating in front of the TV
Small bites or sips are associated with a faster feeling of satiety and can therefore serve to prevent weight problems. Dutch scientists led by Dieuwerke Bolhuis from Wageningen University have investigated the extent to which the amount of food consumed differs between small and large bites. They also looked into the question of what effect distraction while eating - such as from the television - has on food intake.
It was already known from previous studies that large bites and sips when eating increased the overall food intake, the scientists write in the specialist journal "PLoS One". An increased food intake can also be observed if people are distracted by the television, for example when eating. Anyone who breaks the bag of chips or chocolate bars on the sofa in the evening while watching their favorite series has emptied them quickly without even registering the amounts of calories that have just been added to the body. According to the Dutch researchers, simply taking small bites could counteract the impending weight problems.
Effects of the swallowing size on the amount consumed
In order to investigate the effects of the size of the bite or swallow on food intake, the researchers at Wageningen University offered 53 healthy volunteers a tomato soup, which they either took in small sips (five grams per sip; 60 grams per minute), large sips (15 grams per sip; 60 grams per minute) or in your own sip size (any amount consumed per minute). The test was carried out both in a focused state and when distracted by a television, Bolhuis and colleagues report. According to the researchers, the distraction from a film led to an overall increase in food intake, but there were clear differences between the amounts consumed for the different swallow sizes.
Small bites keep you slim
Even in the distracted state, the amount consumed until the onset of satiety in the small sips was around 30 percent lower than in the large sips and the self-determined swallow size, the Dutch researchers report. The subjects were saturated much faster with small swallowing sizes and stopped eating. To avoid excessive weight gain from eating or nibbling in front of the television, care should be taken to eat in small bites. “Reducing the swallow or bite size can successfully reduce food intake even when distracted,” the scientists conclude. According to the researchers, the food industry could also make a contribution here and reduce the size of pre-made snacks and snacks in order to counteract the overweight. In addition, people who are struggling with weight problems should always be aware of the fact that both large bites and distractions tend to increase food intake. (fp)
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