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But clear regional differences in cardiac patient care
Fewer and fewer people in this country are victims of heart disease. This gratifying result comes from the current heart report, which was presented on Tuesday by the German Heart Foundation and several specialist societies in Berlin. Less mortality and better overall care for cardiac patients, but still clear regional differences - this is the central message of the current Herz report: "Mortality from heart diseases is declining steadily in Germany, older people are also increasingly benefiting from the advances in modern technology Cardiology. Cardiological care has already reached an excellent level and is getting better, but there are still regional cardiological differences that need to be worked on consistently, ”explained Prof. Dr. Georg Ertl (Würzburg), the President of the German Cardiac Society (DGK).
Fewer people with heart problems but more heart attack patients The population in Germany is getting older, which suggests that more and more people have to deal with heart problems. But the numbers speak a different language: In fact, the number of patients who had to be hospitalized because of a cardiological problem even decreased slightly between 2000 and 2010, with 0.3% fewer cases. In total, the number of cardiac patients treated in hospital was well over 1.5 million in 2010.
According to the report, however, a significant increase could be observed in heart attack patients: Here, the number had increased by 32.5 percent for men and for women by 17 percent over the same period - however, this development relates in particular to older people.
Nevertheless, far fewer people are victims of an acute heart attack today than 10 years ago. In 2010, 55 541 people still died after an infarction (30 651 men and 24 890 women) - compared to the previous 10 years, this meant a total decrease of 15.8 percent for men and 18.4 Percent among women.
More heart attacks in the east with fatal consequences Despite overall declining numbers of fatal heart diseases, the report would still see clear regional differences. According to this, there is a significantly higher risk for heart patients in the east of falling victim to a heart attack than patients in the western federal states. The death rate is highest in Saxony-Anhalt, because 111 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants are recorded here, followed closely by Brandenburg with 101 and Saxony with 96 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. According to Prof Ertl, however, "it should be noted that" the cardiological care situation in the new federal states is becoming more and more the same as in the old federal states "and continues:" Of course, further optimization of the area supply in the new federal states must be worked on consistently. "
The lowest death rate after a heart attack, however, is in Berlin (56 people per 100,000 population), followed by Schleswig-Holstein and Hesse (57), Baden-Württemberg (59), Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia (62). According to the report, the number of deaths from acute heart attacks in the past 30 years has dropped from around 92,800 in 1980 to 55,500 in 2010, with a significant decrease between 2000 and 2010 alone, since during the beginning of the millennium 81.8 people per 100,000 inhabitants died after a heart attack, ten years later the number was only 67.9 per 100,000 inhabitants. (sb)
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Image: Gerd Altmann / pixelio.de