Adolescents already have fatty liver

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Obesity favors fatty liver even in adolescents

Unhealthy eating and being overweight are widespread risk factors for the development of fatty liver, according to the Gastro-Liga in Gießen on the occasion of the 13th German Liver Day on November 20. Not only adults are at risk. Fat adolescents are also at an increased risk of diseases based on fatty liver later in life, reports Professor Dr. Peter Galle, member of the board of the Gastro League.

The combination of a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet promotes the development of fatty liver or the storage of over 50 percent fat in the liver organ in many overweight people. According to the experts, around half of the overweight people in Germany suffer from fatty liver, whereby adolescents are also increasingly affected. To reduce the risk for children and adolescents, according to Professor Dr. Therefore counteract Peter Galle at an early stage and pay attention to healthy nutrition and sufficient exercise by the children. The motivation for regular sporting activities and covering more routes by bike should be mentioned as positive approaches. It is also important to ensure that the diet is as balanced as possible.

Fatty liver due to a lack of exercise and an extremely high-calorie diet. Although the fatty liver is usually reversible, those affected are at risk of developing other liver diseases, such as fatty liver hepatitis, liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer. The fatty liver patients are also at increased risk of stroke and heart attack, reports the Gastro-Liga. Therefore, healthy eating and lots of exercise should be an issue at school, explained Professor Dr. Peter Galle. Nowadays, however, it is easier to eat unhealthy than to pay attention to healthy food, the doctor complained. Industrially processed foods that are extremely high in calories and are immediately suitable for consumption are usually cheaper and faster on the table than healthy, balanced meals made from lettuce, vegetables or fruit.

Diabetes increases the risk of fatty liver Obesity increases the risk of fatty liver both directly and indirectly. In the case of overweight, this not only directly favors the storage of fat in the organ, but also increases the risk of diabetes. Diabetes is also considered a significant risk factor for the development of fatty liver. According to the experts, around 50 percent of diabetics suffer from fatty liver. Against this background, the growing spread of weight problems among adolescents is viewed extremely critically by medical experts.

Arterial calcification in children and adolescents due to overweight? The health risks from obesity in children and adolescents are also confirmed by several studies that were presented at the annual conference of the Society for Pediatric Radiology in Düsseldorf, according to yesterday's announcement by the German Roentgen Society in Berlin. Pediatric radiologists were able to use ultrasound examinations of the carotid artery to show that in childhood obesity, abnormal blood vessel changes - arteriosclerosis or colloquial artery calcification - occur, ”reports the German X-ray Society. According to the company, every seventh child in Germany is overweight, and about every fifteenth is considered to be obese.

Reversible risk factors for lifestyle changes The experts of the German X-ray Society explained that "Arterial calcification is the most common cause of heart attacks and strokes in adulthood". The harmful calcification of the arteries arises above all "if certain risk factors are present, for example high blood pressure, lipid metabolism disorders or a diabetes mellitus," according to the X-ray Society. In very overweight children, such risk factors can often be observed in early years. The only good news, according to the medical experts, is that the risk factors are often reversible, so that the loss success is also reflected in the condition of the vessel walls. (fp)

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