Only creamed with sun protection in the sun

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Take sun protection into account when staying in the sun

Whether lying on the meadow in summer, splashing in the swimming pool or going for a walk on the beach, experts always recommend taking care of sufficient sun protection. Because the German favorite holiday hobby - sizzling in the sun - is much healthier than many assume. In the worst case, the intense UV radiation leads to skin cancer.

Sun tan shows the degree of skin damage to experts such as the doctor Jessica Hassel, head of the dermatological outpatient clinic at the "National Center for Tumor Diseases" (NTC) in Heidelberg warn of the sun. Because not only is sunburn harmful, but also tanned skin. The tan indicates the degree of damage to the skin. The consequences of sunburn can be particularly serious. In the worst case, this can develop into skin cancer. Overloading the skin releases messenger substances such as histamine, which are responsible, among other things, for the dilation of the vessels, reddening of the skin and itching, reported dermatologist Joachim Christ. The overload can also lead to degeneration of the skin cells. Horn cells then develop so-called keratoses, which are similar to warts and can develop into white skin cancer. Mutant pigmented cells can degenerate into dangerous black skin cancer.

What makes the sun so dangerous for the skin is the so-called ultraviolet radiation (UV radiation). A distinction is made between UV-A, UV-B and UV-C radiation. Due to the absorption in the earth's atmosphere, especially in the ozone layer, primarily UV-A and little UV-B radiation with a wavelength over 300 nm reaches the earth's surface. Since certain gases, in particular CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), disturb the balance in the ozone layer and thus contribute significantly to the formation and expansion of the ozone hole, more and more UV-B radiation reaches the earth's surface. Both UV-A and UV-B radiation can massively damage the skin. Since UV-C radiation is very short-wave, it does not reach the surface of the earth.

Protect skin from sunburn To protect the skin from UV radiation, sunscreen should be used every time you sunbathe or stay outdoors. The decisive factor is the sun protection factor (LFS). The skin has only a short period of protection. In Europeans it is often only ten minutes, so that the skin is unprotected after a short time. Experts therefore recommend the highest possible sun protection factor such as LFS 30. Particularly sensitive people with fair skin should use products with LFS 40, 50 or 60. To determine the protection time, the intrinsic protection time, for example ten minutes, is multiplied by the selected sun protection factor, for example 30. The sun protection time would then be 300 minutes. Since very few people know the exact time of their skin's own protection, this calculation should only be regarded as a very rough estimate. Sensitive people often only have a self-protection time of less than six minutes.

Sun cream should always be applied generously in order to optimally protect the skin throughout. This also applies to stays in the shade, because UV radiation can also cause sunburn under the parasol.

Those who apply cream several times a day do not extend the protective time of the skin. Nevertheless, it is advisable to re-apply sunscreen after bathing, for example, to be well protected. Experts generally advise sunbathing in moderation. Joachim Christ recommends avoiding the midday sun, as the UV radiation is then the most intense. Head, body and limbs should be protected from the sun by clothing.

What to do if you get sunburned? If the skin is burned, simple home remedies as well as soothing and cooling creams, lotions or after-sun sprays help. In the event of severe burns with blistering, a doctor should always be consulted. A visit to the doctor is also essential for complaints such as nausea, vomiting, chills, dizziness or fever.

For lighter burns, envelopes, for example in the form of dish towels, can provide relief. The wipes should be sterile to prevent inflammation. Quark or yogurt are old home remedies for sunburn, but should not be used under any circumstances, as this can promote inflammation of the skin. Those who use lotions or creams should only use natural products, as chemical substances and artificial fragrances could cause further health complications.

Experts also advise you to rest in a cool environment and drink plenty of fluids if you get a sunburn. Sunbathing is taboo for now. (ag)

Read also about sun protection:
Cheap sunscreens are test winners
Inexpensive sunscreen as well as expensive
Sunscreen does not protect against skin cancer
Preventing sunburn: but how?
First aid for sunburn
UV rays: Absolute protection against sunburn
Skin cancer: Dangerous spring sunshine with bald head

Photo credit: Manfred Walker /

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