Women die of cancer earlier and more often

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Smoking hurts women more than men: cancer death occurs earlier and more often

Women have a particularly high risk of cancer from cigarette consumption. Smoking is harmful to both health and death for men and women, but an evaluation by the Federal Statistical Office shows that, compared to men, women develop typical smoker cancers much earlier and also die more often from cancer.

Smoking harms women to a greater extent An evaluation by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) in Wiesbaden on World No Tobacco Day showed that smoking harms women more statistically than men. If female smokers contract lung cancer or other bronchial cancers, they lose significantly more of their lifespan than men. If men die 2.9 years earlier on average, the life expectancy of women is reduced by an average of 10.5 years.

In 2010, according to the statisticians, a total of 13,815 women died of cancer, "which can be put in a narrow context with the consumption of tobacco products." Compared to 2000, this is an increase of 36 percent in Germany. Nevertheless, more men die The Federal Office registered 29,357 men who died as a result of lung and bronchial cancer in 2010. According to doctors from the German Cancer Research Center, almost 90 percent of the patients who died of lung cancer were long-term smokers, but men smoke more often than women.

"The proportion of women in total deaths from diseases such as lung, bronchial, larynx and tracheal cancer (44 457) in 2010 was around 31 percent," says Destatis. Accordingly, not only do women die earlier from typical smoking cancers, they also die more often from them. In 2001, the percentage of women who died, according to the experts' calculations, was still 25 percent.

More and more men give up smoking
The Federal Statistical Office sees the following connection as the reason for the static shifts. Due to various health campaigns, men have given up smoking more often than women in recent years. In addition, a disproportionately higher number of women have started or restarted cigarette consumption. The head of the department for cancer prevention at the German Cancer Research Center, Dr. Marina Pötschke-Langer, the statistics commented: "We are getting the receipt now." Although it is gratifying that "a decrease in bronchial carcinoma in men can be recorded", there is, however, a "dramatic increase in deaths among women" if the negative trend continues, "then lung cancer in women will soon replace breast cancer as the number one killer of malignant tumors." For comparison: in 2010, 17,573 women died of breast cancer.

Men more resistant to cancer
It remains unknown why smoking harms women significantly more than men. Dr. told the news agency "dpa" Johannes Bruns, Secretary General of the German Cancer Society, there has so far been "no scientific research". However, scientists suspect that hormonal fluctuations and the female cycle could be a cause. Epidemiologically, however, it can be said “crystal clear” that women are less resistant to cancer risk substances than men. Given these numbers, Bruns urged all women to "draw their conclusions". According to Professor Adrian Gillesen, Director of the Clinic for Lung and Bronchial Medicine in Kassel, women suffer from a typical "smoking lung" more quickly than men and consequently suffer from the typical symptoms such as increasing smoking cough and shortness of breath.

Because cigarettes are becoming more and more expensive, more and more smoke consumers are switching to tobacco products, where cigarettes are made themselves. In 2011, an average of 74 tons of fine cuts were smoked throughout Germany. In 2002 it was only 42 tons. In contrast, sales of cigarette packets declined. In 2002, 398 pieces were inhaled every day, compared to 240 million cigarettes a day in 2011. The consumption of expensive cigars or cigarillos has also increased. In 2002, eight million people were smoked a day, in 2011 there were already twelve million people a day. "For cigars, fine cut and pipe tobacco, the volume produced in 2011 was a new high since 1991, when results for reunified Germany were reported for the first time." In 2011, a total of 220 billion cigarettes, 2.4 billion stumps and cigarillos, 532 million cigars and 42,800 Tons of fine-cut tobacco and 110 pipe tobacco manufactured. The increase in the price of the glow sticks has only led to a shift in buying and consumption behavior. It is encouraging that fewer and fewer children and adolescents are starting to smoke which is harmful to their health. (sb)

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Image: Gabriele Schoenemann / pixelio.de

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Video: Women and Lung Cancer - Mayo Clinic

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