UV rays: Absolute protection against sunburn



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Dermatologist Dr. Thomas Stavermann: Proper protection from sunburn

If the first rays of sun appear at the beginning of summer, even couch potatoes end up in the fresh air. Whether extensive sunbathing or a walk in the countryside, those who do not protect themselves from the intense sunshine quickly get sunburned and increase the risk of developing skin cancer. Experts advise you to enjoy the sun only in moderation and to lubricate yourself with sun creams.

The skin's own protection only withstands the sun for ten minutes
"Sunburn is actually nothing more than the burning of skin," reports dermatologist Dr. Thomas Stavermann. "The sun's UV rays can heat up and damage the skin if it is too long." Dermatologist Joachim Christ adds that this leads to an overload of the skin, which then releases messenger substances such as histamine. This ultimately leads to an enlargement of the vessels, reddening of the skin and itching. However, the most serious consequence of excessive UV radiation is the risk of developing skin cancer. If the skin cells are overloaded by the radiation, degeneration can occur. Horn cells form so-called keratoses, which look like wart-like nubs and can degenerate into white skin cancer. Mutant pigment-forming cells can develop into particularly dangerous black skin cancer.

However, many sun worshipers underestimate the risk of sunburn. "However, the skin of us Europeans only has a natural protection time of about ten minutes," explains Stavermann. Conclusion: Those who go into the sun without first putting on sunscreen or wearing protective clothing damage their skin after only a few minutes. "Me recommend avoiding any redness from the sun, "added Christ. However, there is nothing to be said against moderate tanning. "But that has to go slowly and the skin has to be protected accordingly."

Preventing sunburn with a high sun protection factor Christ advises you to avoid the intense midday heat, to protect your arms, legs and head, to wear clothes and to use sunscreen. "Everyone should apply sunscreen cream at the beginning of a sunny season," recommends the dermatologist. Products with a high sun protection factor (SPF) such as SPF 30 or for lighter skin types SPF 40 are best. "This can become less during the summer." You have to lubricate yourself several times a day, and once is not enough. “If you spend a lot of time outdoors, sweating or going into the water, you have to apply new cream,” explains Christ.

"Think about sun protection in good time: Even 20 to 30 minutes before going out into the sun, you should generously apply a protective product with a high sun protection factor," advises beauty expert Elena Helfenbein. Only after this time does the sun protection develop its full effect. Sun worshipers should Also keep in mind that shadows are much healthier and more refreshing than the sun. "Even in the shade you can still reach 40 percent of UV radiation," explains Helfenbein.

Drink plenty of fluids in the event of sunburn. If sunburn does occur, the symptoms can be alleviated with simple means. "You can cool the areas with moist envelopes and apply soothing and cooling creams, lotions or after-sun sprays generously," advises the expert.

The envelopes can be easily applied with dish towels. However, they should be absolutely sterile to avoid inflammation. Quark or yogurt are old home remedies for sunburn, but should not be used under any circumstances, as this can ignite the skin. In the case of lotions, care should be taken to ensure that the creams are natural products since chemical substances and fragrances can cause further health complications. Affected people should rest in a cool environment.

The beauty expert advises that you drink enough fluids due to the increased need. “You can only go back into the sun when the symptoms such as reddening of the skin and blistering have completely disappeared. And then only with a sunscreen with a very high sun protection factor, ”explains Helfenbein.

If the burns are worse, a doctor should always be consulted. "He can prescribe other medications that also shorten the time of suffering," Stavermann reports. If the symptoms worsen significantly or if there are more, those affected should also consult a doctor. If the skin has turned a deep red to dark red, it is It is also advisable to seek medical advice. Blistering is also a sign of mild to moderate skin burns. The blisters should never be opened because there is an acute risk of infection. Other symptoms, including headache, fever, nausea and vomiting, chills, severe pain and dizziness indicate a sunstroke, in which case the affected person should see a doctor immediately. Babies and toddlers should definitely be taken to a doctor if they get sunburnt. (ag)

Read on:
How do you protect yourself from sunburn?
First aid for sunburn
Skin cancer: Dangerous spring sunshine with bald head


Video: Doctors recommend sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection


Comments:

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