Sports myths under the microscope: An expert explains why sports can also be unhealthy
Sport expert Professor Ingo Froböse from the Center for Health at the German Sport University in Cologne explains the best-known sports myths and explains why too much sport is not healthy either.
Golf, not just a sport for the rich The ball sport from Scotland, where it is good to play the ball with as few strokes as possible, has long been seen in Germany as an elite pastime for the rich. In the meantime, a diverse crowd can be found on golf courses. A common misconception is that golf cannot injure you. Froböse explains: "Over half of all amateur golfers suffer from pain in the back, knees, hips and elbows." This is due to incorrect striking techniques.
Swimming is only conditionally healthy Another sport myth: swimming is the healthiest sport. “The lack of gravity means that the stimuli on bones are eliminated. The water pressure presses on the vessels, which in turn on the heart, ”reports Froböse. According to experts, swimming is only partially considered a healthy sport.
Tennis promotes the back muscles For many, tennis is suspected of causing massive damage to the intervertebral discs and thus promoting back pain. The sports doctor explains that the jerky movements in tennis are considered a risk. Well-trained back muscles cushion this and ensure stability at the same time.
Staying fit even in old age A common prejudice is that older people should take care of themselves and avoid too much exercise. Froböse explains that a performance increase of 100 percent is also possible for older people within twelve months. “Even with pensioners, the oldest muscle cell is only 15 years old. So we have young structures that can be stressed, ”adds the scientist
Those who play sports stay healthy longer. Froböse only partially confirms that athletes get sick less often: "Clearly, athletes live healthier." However, you shouldn't overdo it with sports, because then you risk overwhelming your immune system and taking the cortisol protective shield lost. Anyone who constantly strains his body beyond the performance limit is also more susceptible to infections. The phenomenon can be found in top athletes.
Refraining from sports for colds Froböse strongly advises against sports for colds, because the heart is weakened enormously: “Those who suffer from a flu infection and still do sports put additional strain on their bodies. Doctors recommend a three-day break after fever. ”Otherwise, the infection can spread to the heart: rapid heartbeat, chest pain and irregular heartbeat. In the worst case, a life-threatening situation can arise.
An exaggerated sports program harms the body The sports scientist cannot confirm that a lot of sport is particularly good: "The body can only develop optimally with systematic and regular training." Too much sport is unhealthy for the immune system.
Easy training for sore muscles If you suffer from sore muscles, you need rest, is a sports myth. "Light, moderate stress is the best," says Froböse. If there was too much rest, the micro tears in the muscle would not provide adequate blood circulation. Scientists from the University of Michigan found in mid-last year that cherry juice protects against excessive muscle soreness after an intense exercise program.
Climbing stairs is healthy One of the common prejudices is that climbing stairs is useless. Froböse is of a different opinion: "Anyone who quickly climbs 100 steps will train the circuit for almost five minutes of endurance sports." For this reason, the stairs to the ascent should always be preferred instead of the escalator or elevator. As an old saying goes: "Every gear makes you slim and keeps you fit". (ag)
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