Red meat increases the risk of diabetes

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Diabetes risk increases due to the consumption of red meat

Meat consumption increases the risk of diabetes, regardless of the form in which the meat is consumed. Processed meat products (sausages) were previously considered risk factors for type 2 diabetes, but US researchers have now established a fundamental connection between the consumption of red meat and the occurrence of the so-called diabetes.

Accordingly, red meat fundamentally increases the risk of diabetes. As previously assumed, sausage products not only pose an increased risk of diabetes due to their high fat, salt and nitrate content, but also from untreated meat. This is the result of the US researchers led by study leader An Pan from the Harvard School of Public Health in a comprehensive meta-study published in the current issue of the journal "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition".

Meat increases the risk of diabetes In the course of the meta-analysis, the researchers around An Pan evaluated numerous long-term studies with a total of 440,000 study participants. The US researchers were able to clearly demonstrate that red meat generally poses an increased risk of diabetes, regardless of whether it is consumed fried, raw or processed as sausage. By eating a 100 gram steak daily, the risk increases by around 20 percent, which is significantly more than previously assumed, Pan and colleagues report. "Our study clearly shows that both processed and unprocessed red meat are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes," write the scientists in the "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition". In addition to the knowledge gained from the meta-analysis, the US researchers also rely on the questionnaires and health data they regularly collect from over 37,000 men and over 160,000 women between the ages of 14 and 28. Last year, Pan and colleagues had investigated a possible connection between the consumption of untreated meat and the risk of diabetes in a study, but could not find any correlation. However, the much more extensive investigation that has now been carried out has clearly shown that untreated meat does increase the risk of diabetes. For sausage, ham and other meat products, the connection was already known and was largely attributed to the fat, nitrate and salt content. This assumption proves to be premature, however, since unprocessed meat can also increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Replacing meat with nuts, whole grains and fish In view of the current findings, Pan and colleagues are calling for the official dietary recommendations to be adjusted immediately. Red meat can no longer be fully classified as a healthy food, as was the case, for example, in the guidelines issued by the US authorities in 2010. Unlike fish or soy products, meat poses a health risk that should not be underestimated. "The results of this study are very important for public health, considering the epidemic-like increase in type 2 diabetes and the increasing consumption of red meat worldwide," said the US researchers. Currently, according to the scientists, more than 360 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, with the majority of type 2 diabetes being classified as their main risk factors being overweight, lack of exercise and unhealthy nutrition. In view of the current study results, the consumption of red meat is now also part of the unhealthy diet, Pan and colleagues report. To reduce the risk of diabetes, the experts explained that ham, sausage, steaks and roasts should be replaced with nuts, whole grains or fish as often as possible. As part of their current study, they also took a closer look at reducing the risk of diabetes through healthy eating. According to the US scientists, replacing the meat with a portion of nuts can reduce the risk of diabetes by 21 percent, and substitution with whole grains can even reduce the risk of diabetes by 23 percent.

Meat consumption as an explanation for the increase in diabetes-related illnesses With the connection now established between red meat consumption and the risk of diabetes, the US researchers provide another explanation for the dramatic increase in diabetes-related illnesses worldwide. Because international meat consumption per capita has also increased significantly in recent decades. Of course, this is not the only reason for the massive increase in type 2 diabetes, but the results of the US researchers suggest that meat consumption plays a major role in this. (fp)

Read about diabetes:
Red meat can cause bladder cancer
Numerous risk factors cause diabetes
Broccoli protects against diabetes
Diabetes: twelve risk factors decoded

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Video: New study says eating red meat may not be a health risk


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