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80 people in Munich contract the dangerous norovirus
The Norovirus infectious disease is currently rampant in Munich's Rechts an der Isar hospital. According to the clinic's management, 80 people have already become infected, along with patients and nursing staff, doctors are also affected.
Severe diarrhea coupled with nausea and vomiting are currently being suffered by 80 people at Klinikum Rechts an der Isar in the Bavarian capital of Munich. Not only patients, but also employees and medical professionals have contracted the viral disease. However, so far there have been no significant complications, the course of the infectious disease is currently “very easy”, as a spokesman for the clinic emphasized. The first patients had complained of typical symptoms since Thursday last week. First, an EHEC infection was excluded and noroviruses were detected. In the meantime, the complaints and the wave of illnesses have subsided. Last Tuesday, 45 patients, 18 nurses and two nurses and two doctors were ill. Already on Wednesday there were only 3 patients and three clinic employees.
Staff member brought in infection The clinic management suspects that a staff member had brought in the norovirus. The clinic regulation stipulates that sick employees are not allowed to go to work in order not to infect patients. However, the person affected felt only slight nausea and therefore went to work regularly. The staff was therefore unable to detect a virus infection. According to the German Infection Protection Act, norovirus infections are notifiable. Meanwhile, the hospital said that hygiene measures have been tightened since the wave of infections. In addition to regular measures such as hand washing, increased disinfection was ordered. In addition, the infected patients were isolated so that the highly infected virus can no longer spread.
Noroviruses spread mainly in community facilities The infection rate of norovirus infections is particularly high in community facilities. Especially old people's homes, kindergartens, schools but also clinics are repeatedly affected by outbreaks. The pathogens are transmitted by droplets and smear infections. The most common way of transmission is stool and vomiting of the patient. In addition, the viruses can also be absorbed through breathing, as infected aerosols exhale. If basic hygiene is poor, the viral pathogens can also spread through contaminated furnishings, food and beverages.
Typical norovirus symptoms The relative incubation time after infection is barely more than 50 hours. Those affected suffer from severe diarrhea, nausea and vomiting as well as severe abdominal pain. A minimum infection dose of 10 to 100 virus particles is sufficient to trigger the symptoms described. The symptoms subside after a good three days. The primary aim of the treatment is to compensate for the loss of electrolytes and fluids in order to avoid internal dehydration. (sb)
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Image: Gerd Altmann, Pixelio.de