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Rapid increase in the diabetes incidence rate: By 2030, around 1.5 million people in Germany will be diagnosed with type II diabetes
According to an analysis by the German Diabetes Center, the number of diabetics will increase by 1.5 million people by 2030. This increases the number of people affected more than has been generally assumed by health experts. A healthy and nutritionally conscious lifestyle could, however, stop the rapid increase even without medication.
Around 1.5 million people aged 45 and over will develop Type II diabetes in the next 20 years. A large proportion of new cases would be avoidable, experts warn. Because a healthy diet and a lot of exercise could prevent the breakdown of the chronic metabolic disease. The estimate is based on a survey by the German Diabetes Center DDZ.
More and more people are developing type II diabetes
Around six million people in Germany suffer from type 2 diabetes. A few decades ago, older people were particularly affected, but today there are more and more children, adolescents and young adults who become diabetics at a young age. The main reasons for this are overweight and a mostly unhealthy diet. Despite numerous education campaigns, many young people resort to fast food, cola and Co.
Men particularly affected
A particularly rapid increase is forecast by the Diabetes Center in the male age group of 55 to 74 year olds. In a model-based calculation, the researchers predict an increase of around one million new male patients in the next two decades. That corresponds to a whopping plus of 79 percent compared to today. Since women generally live healthier, an increase can also be seen here, but this is somewhat smaller than that of men. By 2030, around 500,000 women will be diagnosed with type II diabetes. This corresponds to an increase of 47 percent.
East-south divide in disease rate
Measured by the total share of the German population, around eight percent of adults already suffer from type 2 diabetes. It is striking that according to analyzes by the Vice Director of the Institute for Biometry and Epidemiology at the DDZ in Düsseldorf, Dr. med. Wolfgang Rathmann, there is a clearly recognizable northeast-southwest gradient in the disease rate. While twelve percent of older people aged 45 and over already suffer from diabetes in Halle, it is only six percent in southern Augsburg, for example. Germany also has a sad top position in a European comparison. "Germany holds a top position in the Diabetes Atlas of the International Diabetes Federation," explained Dr. Rathmann. However, the data must be used with caution, because there are differences in the data collection, restricted the physician. "What is certain, however, is that the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus will continue to increase over the next few decades," said the doctor.
A proportion of new cases that should not be underestimated would be avoidable, as experts report. Numerous studies have already shown that a lifestyle change in the form of physical exercise, maintaining or gaining normal weight and a main diet consisting of whole grains, vegetables and fruit could avoid around half of all diabetes diseases. "According to the current study, if every second adult in the older population with a pre-diabetes stage successfully and permanently took part in measures for better nutrition and weight loss, 21 percent of future diseases in men and 31 percent of cases in women could be avoided," emphasizes Dr. Rathmann.
Sensible prevention can protect against diabetes
There are a number of studies that consistently show that diet and exercise are two essential elements for diabetes prevention. According to a study by the University of Leicester, green leafy vegetables in particular reduce the risk of illness. Cabbage vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and spinach in particular had an extremely positive effect during the course of the study. When subjects ate about 100 grams of cabbage vegetables a day, the risk of diabetes was reduced by 14 percent. Another evidence-based study by the "Harvard Medical School" examined the effects of wholemeal products. If you use wholemeal bread, brown rice or wholemeal pasta instead of white flour products, you can reduce your risk by a further third No more worries and long-term protection against type II diabetes. The first signs of type II diabetes are excessive thirst, visual disturbances and poor wound healing. If you notice such symptoms, you should take a blood test at your family doctor. (sb)
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