20 million Germans suffer from high blood pressure

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Health risk of high blood pressure - one in four Germans is affected

Around every fourth German has high blood pressure (hypertension). On the occasion of today's World Hypertension Day, the Deutsche Hypertensliga e.V. pointed out that at least 20 million people in Germany suffer from high blood pressure. According to the experts, every second person among those over 60 is affected.

Since chronic high blood pressure rarely causes noticeable symptoms or acute complaints, the disease is often not recognized and those affected do not know about their hypertension, the German Hypertension League explained. However, the high-pressure league experts warn that there will be significant health consequences such as strokes, heart attacks and heart failure, vascular diseases (e.g. dementia) and chronic kidney failure. Throughout Germany, the association wants to draw attention to the problem of high blood pressure with numerous events and free blood pressure measurements on today's World Hypertension Day.

Hypertension is the most common cause of death in industrialized countries According to the German Hypertension League, hypertension is the most common cause of death in modern industrialized countries and around half of all deaths in Germany are "hypertension-associated". According to the high-pressure league, around 20 million people in this country are currently suffering from high blood pressure, with around a third of those affected not knowing about their own disease. According to the experts, possible signs of hypertension can include headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, visual disturbances and nausea. But usually the high blood pressure is hardly noticeable for those affected. However, the impending secondary diseases are significant and should not be underestimated, warned the German Hypertension League. Because with untreated high blood pressure, long-term damage to the blood vessels and other serious complications such as heart attacks, strokes, vascular diseases (e.g. dementia) and chronic kidney failure (kidney failure). In order to be able to better assess the personal risk, according to the German Hypertension League, blood pressure should be checked regularly, especially for high-risk patients such as smokers or diabetics. However, according to the experts, a check of the blood pressure values ​​is also recommended for the rest of the population at least once a year.

High blood pressure requires consistent therapy The German Hypertension League explained that hypertension is present from blood pressure values ​​of up to 140 (systolic) to 90 (diastolic), which must be treated medically. Ideally, the value should be below 120 to 80, the association's experts explained. The German Hypertension League identified overweight, lack of exercise and improper, too salty diet as the main risk factors for the occurrence of hypertension. By changing dietary habits, regular sporting activities and reducing weight, hypertension can be prevented relatively efficiently, the association's experts emphasized. According to the German Hypertension League, "serious complications" can only be avoided by a general "awareness of the blood pressure problem and the consequent therapy of hypertension".

Avoiding stress and relaxation exercises to lower blood pressure Patients with high blood pressure should also avoid stress, as this can cause the blood vessels to constrict and thus increase blood pressure. However, relaxation exercises such as yoga, tai chi, qigong or autogenic training can often significantly reduce personal stress levels, causing the blood vessels to relax, widen them and reduce blood pressure to normal levels. If all changes in personal lifestyle have no effect on the existing high blood pressure, according to the German Hypertension League, there is also the option of medication to get the blood pressure values ​​under control and to minimize the risk of secondary diseases. (fp)

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