Measles diseases have risen massively in Baden-Württemberg
The number of measles diseases has risen dramatically in Baden-Württemberg. April, 107 cases have been reported since the beginning of the year, reports the State Health Office in Stuttgart. According to the spokesman for the agency, these are around seven times as many diseases as in the same period last year.
The massive increase in measles diseases in Baden-Württemberg indicates an increased spread of measles viruses in the unprotected population, said the spokesman for the health department, Peter Zaar, on Wednesday. A total of 15 districts and six city districts in Baden-Württemberg are affected, including the Karlsruhe metropolitan area, from which the regional council reported 17 measles diseases.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease Measles as a highly contagious infectious disease affects children and adolescents particularly often, but "measles is particularly dangerous for older people," emphasized the spokesman for the State Health Office. That is why it is important "that everyone, including children, can be vaccinated," explained Peter Zaar. The State Health Office was alarmed because in Baden-Württemberg 45 children aged up to ten years, 34 children and adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years, 18 people aged between 18 and 30 and 10 older adults aged between 33 and 52 Years of measles since the beginning of the year. The massive increase in diagnoses is a clear sign of the spread of measles viruses in the unprotected population, warned the spokesman for the health department. The spokesman for the authority therefore recommends that all parents, adolescents and adults born after 1970 check their vaccination protection and close any vaccine gaps that may occur.
Measles are transmitted by droplet infection. Measles viruses are transmitted by the so-called droplet infection, in which the pathogens migrate from person to person through excreted aerosols. Measles is highly contagious and a specific antiviral therapy - directed against the measles virus - does not yet exist. 95 percent of people who come into contact with the virus without protective antibodies get sick after seven to eighteen days, said the spokesman for the State Health Office. The course of the disease is characterized by fever, headache, conjunctivitis, runny nose and cough as well as the typical spotty-nodular reddish rash (measles rash). If the course of the disease is uncomplicated, recovery begins relatively quickly and those affected from now on enjoy immunity to measles for life.
Imminent complications of measles disease However, considerable complications can arise in the course of measles disease, as the disease temporarily weakens the immune system (about six weeks) and thus favors bacterial infections (otitis media, pneumonia). In addition, life-threatening complications such as pneumonia and brain infections are a possible consequence of severe measles diseases. Due to the considerable risk of infection, medical practices, clinics, nursing and community facilities are obliged to report any suspected measles cases to the responsible health authority. (fp)
The measles infectious disease is spreading
Measles also affects adults
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