Mental disorders: Almost a third affected


30 percent of Germans suffer from mental disorders

Around a third of the population in Germany suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder every year. In addition to depression, anxiety disorders, addictions and psychosomatic illnesses are among the most common complaints. Nineteen professors and clinic heads from the fields of psychology and psychosomatics, according to media reports, came to the conclusion during the examination of mental illnesses in Germany that around 30 percent of the population has a diagnosable mental disorder within one year.

Consequences of psychosocial crises unmanageable In the current issue of "Focus", the 19 professors and clinic bosses not only warn of the social consequences and personal consequences for those affected, but also point out the economic aspects associated with such a high number of mental illnesses It is becoming apparent that the costs and consequences of psychosocial crises in our society will no longer be manageable in the future, according to the experts.

In their analysis of mental illnesses in Germany, they came to the conclusion that around 30 percent of Germans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder at least once a year, with depression, anxiety disorders, psychosomatic illnesses and addictions being the most common ailments.

Adequate treatment not guaranteed in the future Joachim Galuska, Medical Director of the Psychosomatic Clinics Bad Kissingen, Thomas Loew, University Professor for Psychosomatic Medicine in Regensburg and Johannes Vogler, Chief Physician of the Isny-Neutrauchburg Clinic have initiated the current warning in the “Focus” reporting. According to the three initiators, the enormously increased number of mental disorders, for example in treatment, triggers considerable problems. According to the large number of diagnoses, adequate treatment of patients will no longer be possible in the future. Even if large additional sums of money were made available for financing, psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists would have to treat three to five times more patients than they can, the experts explained

Negative economic consequences Galuska, Loew and Vogler also point to the economic consequences of rising treatment costs. The "Focus" puts the costs for the treatment of mental disorders in Germany, based on new calculations by the Federal Statistical Office and the Robert Koch Institute, at 28.6 billion euros in 2008. With 64,000 new pensioners due to a mental illness have retired, a worrying record has been reached here too. In addition, around 763,000 years of employment were lost due to mental and behavioral disorders in 2008, the experts explained in the current report. Mental disorders are currently the fourth most common cause of disability certificates in the context of statutory health insurance, with the number of sick days due to mental disorders increasing in 1991 by about 33 percent.

Mental disorders in all industrialized countries But according to experts, Germany is not alone in facing such a phenomenon. All developed industrial countries suffer in a similar way from a massive increase in mental disorders as well as the corresponding economic and social consequences. According to the experts, neither the costs nor the consequences of this growing number of psychosocial crises within our society can be overcome in the long term. Therefore, within the framework of the “Focus” article, they call on all fellow citizens to take part in the discussion to solve the problem.

Everyone should be aware that "peace of mind (...) cannot be bought," emphasized the professors and clinic managers, and "therefore we urgently need to talk about this finding. Now. ”The university professors are by no means alone with this demand. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) has repeatedly pointed out the social consequences of a growing number of mental disorders. According to a study by the WHO, one in four doctor visitors worldwide suffers from corresponding mental illnesses. To date, German studies have assumed that around 8 million Germans with mental disorders requiring treatment. Such ailments are among the most common occasions for advice in general medical practice. However, some experts also point out that part of the increase in mental disorders can be attributed to improved diagnoses and treatments. Corresponding ailments and their treatment are destigmatized today, which has increased the acceptance of psychotherapy - with a corresponding effect on the statistics. (fp, 26.10.2010)

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