Stuttering is a common phenomenon

Stuttering is a widespread phenomenon: celebrities are also affected. Today is "World Stuttering Day". October used annually to inform about language disorders, to break down prejudices and to make those affected aware of existing treatment options.

800,000 Germans affected Stuttering is a relatively common phenomenon that affects over 800,000 people in Germany. Numerous celebrities also suffered from a corresponding language disorder. Bruce Willis, Hamit Altintop or Rowan Atkinson alias Mr. Bean are just a few of the names on the seemingly endless list of prominent stutterers. To this day, there is still no consensus among experts about the causes of language disorders. Many experts assume that a malfunction in the cooperation of the left and right brain, which is probably genetically determined, causes the stuttering.

Others, on the other hand, believe that stuttering should be viewed as a result of organic or perceptual disorders. Stuttering can also occur as a result of mental and social problems.

Stuttering therapy can help. While there have been no breakthroughs in the search for the causes, according to the Federal Stuttering Self-Help Association, some successes have been achieved in the area of ​​therapy. "Serious stuttering therapy (...) can achieve lasting success in children and adults", explained Dr. Matthias Kremer, chairman of the Federal Stuttering Self-Help Association (BVSS). However, many stutterers are afraid of incorrect speech and the reaction of other people, which, however, aggravates the manifestation of the disease. "In order to protect themselves from crooked looks, someone would rather order four rolls from the baker instead of the two required because they can pronounce 'four' better," explained Dr. Kremer the frequent behavior of those affected. Others, on the other hand, avoid speaking in public as much as possible and inevitably become increasingly socially marginalized, the expert added. That is why this year's World Day also has the motto "Stuttering talk! You move a lot!"

Uncertainty among listeners However, there is often uncertainty in dealing with the disease, not only among those affected but also on the part of the listeners. Listeners are often irritated by the spasmodic repetition of parts of a sentence, words or parts of words, or the rapid repetition of sounds. "When talking to a stutterer (...), the same rules apply as for any good conversation," explained Dr. Kremer. The expert cited the three most important points: "Keeping your eyes open, giving time to speak and each saying his own sentence let yourself finish. Even those who stutter know exactly what they want to say - they just can't utter it fluently. "Completing words and sentences, which is often well meant by the listener, is counterproductive and has a paternalistic effect on the stutterers, emphasized Dr. So increase for those affected the feeling of not being respected, which could even increase the stuttering symptoms, and the audience should wrongly refrain from assuming that the stutterers are shy, have a mental disorder or lack intelligence.

Children and adolescents often affected Stuttering occurs in all cultures and social classes, whereby young people are affected far more often than adults. While one to four percent of adults suffer from speech disorders, the number is four to five percent in children and adolescents. Boys are affected about four times more often than girls. However, since the existing therapies in children are particularly promising, a speech therapist should be consulted with them urgently. About 80 percent of the stuttering children get rid of the language disorder by the age of 10 with professional help. (fp, 22.10.2010)

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Video: Stuttering in the Classroom: Considerations for Students and Faculty

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