The botox nerve poison is said to help with chronic migraines, according to study results.
(22.08.2010) People with chronic migraines can hope for treatment with the botox (botulinum toxin) in the future. At least that is what experts at the Association of the German Migraine and Headache Society (DMKG) say. If botulinum toxin is used in a very high concentration, it should prevent severe headaches and migraine attacks.
Scientists reported on their study results in the medical journal "Cephalalgia". In a series of experiments it should have been observed that the injection of botox into the head and neck muscles can greatly reduce the symptoms of a migraine. In addition, the subjects would have had to take fewer conventional headache tablets than they did botox therapy. If the botox treatment is used correctly and in a specialized manner, the side effects should be correspondingly low, according to the DMKG.
However, the experts of the migraine and headache society point out that not all patients with migraines can be successfully treated with the help of botox. The symptoms are only reduced in patients who suffer from chronic migraines. "Treatment with botulinum toxin does not help with normal migraines and tension headaches, but only with chronic forms that occur daily or almost daily," says Professor Arne May.
A total of 1380 subjects took part in the study. The study participants were each divided into two groups. One group was given 31 botox injections. The other group was given ineffective placebo. In the first group, botulinium toxin was injected into seven different muscles. There were two such cycles within a 24-week double-blind phase. After 6 months of treatment, almost half of the subjects stated that they would suffer from headaches to at least fifty percent fewer days. In the drug-free group, participants said they would have up to 35 percent less headaches.
It is still unclear why the active ingredient "botulinium toxin" is effective in chronic migraine attacks. Treatment is currently not permitted in Germany. According to the DMKG, early approval is expected. At the moment botox therapy is only possible in specialized practices or centers. In the UK, migraine therapy with botox for chronic migraines was approved in July 2010.
Around 10 percent suffer from migraines in Germany. Migraines are particularly widespread among women. Around three times as many women suffer from migraines as men. About 20 to 30 percent of migraine patients have aura symptoms in addition to the headache. Aura complaints go beyond the actual headache. During a migraine attack, patients develop tunnel vision, develop sensitivity to light and feel tingling in the arms and / or legs. There are also severe speech impairments, dizziness and nausea.
In naturopathy, good results have already been achieved in the treatment of tension headaches and migraines. To do this, the therapist (naturopath or doctor) must first find out in the medical history what the cause of the pain is. If the intestinal flora is disturbed, it is cleaned and built up with healthy bacteria (intestinal dysbiosis). Rejection procedures (e.g. cupping), fasting, biofeedback, homeopathy, neural therapy, osteopathy, relaxation procedures, arm and foot baths and acupuncture are also used in naturopathy. (sb)
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