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Autism: Oxytocin builds trust
French neuroscientists tested the hormone oxytocin in nasal spray form on autistic people: This increased confidence, facial recognition and social awareness.
French neuroscientists tested the hormone oxytocin in nasal spray form on autistic people: As a result, confidence, face recognition and social awareness increased. The scientists led by Angela Sirigua from the Center for Cognitive Neurosciences in Bron, Eastern France, have now published their results and the course structure in the American journal "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences".
There were 13 adult subjects with "highly functional autism" available. They gave them the hormone oxytocin as a nasal spray. They then showed them different faces and examined the gaze behavior. The faces were observed longer by the autistic people and especially the eye region more intensively.
The hormone oxytocin had already increased trust in them in previous experiments on non-autistic people.
Oxytocin is a protein hormone that has a variety of modes of action in our organism. It triggers contractions and ensures that when the orgasm occurs, the uterus (uterus) in the woman and the vas deferens in the man contract. It is said to have an impact on sexual desire and in the context of social interactions.
The background for the current method of implementation and the findings of the neuroscientists is the fact that people with autism usually have problems with finding their way socially in contact with other people. Direct eye contact is often avoided. Although there are many different degrees of autism. Very light forms are characterized by minimal behavioral abnormalities. But there are also grades that fall into the categorization of a serious intellectual disability. It is common to all who have problems in social interaction.
Low oxytocin levels had been measured in children with autism in previous studies. However, the precursors from which the later hormone is formed were increased. This led to the assumption that something is not working in the way the hormone is produced. According to the researchers, there could now be a starting point here to influence the social components of people with autism.
According to the "Center for Disease Control (CDC)", autism seems to have increased in the past decades. According to the CDC, there was an increase of 57 percent between 2002 and 2006. Theories that there are connections between toxins in our environment or the additives in certain vaccines (e.g. mercury and aluminum) could not be proven.
The fact is that so far no great strides have been made in the area of drug influence in autistic people. The current results could lead to a comprehensive supplement of the measures, in the sense of an improved social competence, for those affected and their environment. (Thorsten Fischer, naturopath osteopathy, 02/17/2010)
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